Research in Plant Disease 2010;16(3):238-246.
Published online December 30, 2010.
큰조롱과 넓은잎 큰조롱에서 신종 포티바이러스(큰조롱모자이크바이러스)의 동정
이주희, 박석진, 남문, 김민자, 이재봉, 손형락, 최홍수, 김정수, 이준성, 문제선, 이수헌
Identification of a New Potyvirus, Keunjorong mosaic virus in Cynanchum wilfordii and C. auriculatum
Joo Hee Lee, Seok Jin Park, Moon Nam, Min Ja Kim, Jae Bong Lee, Hyoungrac Sohn, Hong Soo Choi, Jeong Soo Kim, Jun Seong Lee, Jae Sun Moon, Su Heon Lee
In 2006 fall, a preliminary survey of viruses in two important medicinal plants, Cynanchum wilfordii and C. auriculatum, was conducted on the experimental fields at the Agricultural Research and Extension Services of Chungbuk province in Korea. On each experimental fields, percentage of virus infection was ranged from 20 to 80%, and especially an average of disease incidence propagated by roots was twice higher than that by seeds. The various symptoms were observed in Cynanchum spp. plants, such as mosaic, mottle, necrosis, yellowing, chlorotic spot and malformation etc. In electron microscopic examination of crude sap extracts, filamentous rod particles with 390-730 nm were observed in most samples. The virus particles were purified from the leaves of C. wilfordii with typical mosaic symptom, and the viral RNA was extracted from this sample containing 430-845 nm long filamentous rod. To identify the viruses, reverse transcription followed by PCR with random primers was carried out. The putative sequences of P3 and coat protein of potyvirus were obtained. From a BLAST of the two sequences, they showed 26-38% and 62-72% identities to potyviruses, respectively. In SDS-PAGE analysis, the subunit of coat protein was approximately 30.3 kDa, close to the coat protein of potyvirus. In bioassay with 21 species in 7 families, Chenopodium quinoa showed local lesion on inoculated leave and chlorotic spot on upper leave, but the others were not infected. RT-PCR detection using specific primer of C. wilfordii and C. auriculatum samples, all of 24 samples with virus symptom was positive, and five out of seven samples without virus symptom were also positive. On the basis of these data, the virus could be considered as a new member of potyvirus. We suggested that the name of the virus was Keunjorong mosaic virus (KjMV) after the common Korean name of C. wilfordii.
Key Words: Cynanchum wilfordii, Cynanchum auriculatum, Keunjorong mosaic virus, Medicinal plants, Virus disease
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