Research in Plant Disease 2010;16(3):259-265.
Published online December 30, 2010.
목질진흙버섯(Phellinus Linteus) 균사체 추출물 제제 PLM-WE1의 식물 바이러스에 대한 감염억제 효과 및 활성성분의 동정
권순배, 배선화, 최장경, 이상용, 김병섭, 권용수
Inhibitory Effects of PLM-WE1 Formulated from Extract of Phellinus Linteus Mycelium against Plant Viruses Infection and Identification of Active Compound
Soon Bae Kwon, Seon Hwa Bae, Jang Kyung Choi, Sang Yong Lee, Byung Sup Kim, Yong Soo Kwon
Pepper mild mosaic virus(PMMoV) and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) are important pathogens in various vegetable crops worldwide. We have found that hot water extract of Phellinus linteus mycelium strongly inhibit PMMoV and CMV infection. Based on these results, the inhibitor named as ``PLM-WE1`` formulated from extract of Phellinus linteus mycelium was tested for its inhibitory effects on PMMoV and CMV infection to each local lesion host plant (Nicotiana glutinosa: PMMoV, Chenopodium amaranticolor: CMV). Pretreatment effect of PLM-WE1 against infections of each virus (PMMoV and CMV) to local host plant was measured to be 99.2% to PMMoV and 80.3% to CMV, and its permeability effect was measured to be 45.0% to PMMoV and 41.9% to CMV. Duration of inhibitory activity of PLM-WE1 against PMMoV infection on N. glutinosa was maintained for 3 days at 75% inhibition level and CMV infection on C. amaranticolor maintained for 3 days at 62% inhibition level. Inhibitory effects on systemic host plants of PLM-WE1 were measured to be 75~85% to PMMoV and 75% to CMV. Under electron microscope, PMMoV particles were not denatured or aggregated by mixing PLM-WE1. It is suggested that the mode of action of PLM-WE1 differ from that of inactivation due to the aggregation of viruses. The methanol extract of P. linteus mycelium was sequentially partitioned with haxane, ethyl acetate, BuOH and H2O. The H2O fraction was showed high activity than the other fractions. The active compound was isolated with a partial acid hydrolysis, fractional precipitation with ethanol. The inhibitory effect of the precipitate isolated from 70% ethanol fraction was 99.1% to PMMoV and 88.0% to CMV. The structure of isolated compound was determined by 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR. This compound was identified as a polysaccharide consisting alpha or beta-glucan.
Key Words: Cucumber mosaic virus, Extract, Inhibitory effects, Pepper mild mosaic virus, Phellinus Linteus mycelium
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